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[infowar.de] USA: Info-Sharing für Homeland Defense nimmt Formen an
Ein Bericht von der ersten Information Sharing and Homeland Security
Conference in Philadelphia. Es geht vor allem um das geplante
Intelligence Community System for Information Sharing (ICSIS), das eine
Erweiterung des Geheimdienste-Netzes Intelink darstellen soll und auch
für Nutzer mit geringerer oder gar keiner Sicherheitseinstufung nutzbar
sein soll. Für die verschiedenen Sicherheitseinstufungen wird es wohl
eine Art Customer-Relation-Management geben, damit jeder nur das sieht,
was er auch sehen darf.
Plans emerging for national security data sharing
By DAN VERTON
Computerworld, AUGUST 20, 2002
PHILADELPHIA -- They may not be the Continental Congress, but hundreds
of IT experts from the defense and intelligence communities gathered
here yesterday to share ideas and plans on emergency responses to a
terrorist attack on the nation.
Only blocks from the spot where the Founding Fathers signed the
Declaration of Independence, more than 900 government and private-sector
officials met to discuss efforts to improve collaboration and
information sharing among the hundreds of federal, state and local
agencies in charge of emergency response in the event of future
On the first day of the three-day Information Sharing and Homeland
Security conference, officials have been clear on what the overall
strategy is for detecting and preventing future attacks: Create a
nationwide information-sharing architecture by leveraging the billions
of dollars in federal IT investments, rather than building something
"We're trying to use the existing capabilities of the [intelligence]
community," said Bill Dawson, a deputy intelligence community CIO for
the office that advises the director of central intelligence on IT
In particular, Dawson was referring to an IT project begun before the
Sept. 11 attacks that has acquired a new sense of momentum. The system,
known as the Intelligence Community System for Information Sharing
(ICSIS), provides controlled and secure gateway interfaces between
networks with different security controls and classification levels.
For example, ICSIS, which is still in the first phase of development,
will enable analysts to share sanitized versions of top-secret
intelligence reports with other analysts and possibly state and local
officials who might have only a secret-level security clearance, said
Dawson. The system will automatically remove information pertaining to
sources and methods of intelligence collection, thereby downgrading the
security classification of the documents, said Dawson.
Phase one "enablers" under development include a public-key
infrastructure; a full-service directory for identifying experts and
analysts throughout the 14 different agencies that comprise the
intelligence community; a collaborative tool suite; additional trusted
and controlled interfaces between agency-specific communities of
interest; and metadata and interoperability standards to support data
discovery throughout the intelligence community.
"What we're really doing is going beyond the baseline we have now with
Intelink," said Dolly Greenwood, director of architecture at ICSIS,
referring to the widely used classified intelligence community intranet.
Since its inception in 1994, Intelink has grown to the point where it
isn't always effective, said Stephen Selwyn, director of knowledge
management at the Intelligence Community CIO Office. "Searching Intelink
is like shooting craps," he said, referring to the 2.4 million Web pages
that now populate the classified intranet.
"We're trying to enable analysts to come from a native desktop without
additional infrastructure and enter a collaborative space [online],"
said Selwyn. He noted that a project known as the Intelligence Community
Collaborative Presence (ICCP), which will be Web-based and rely on
Secure Socket Layer and digital certificates, will be ready for full
deployment by November. ICCP will rely on a software-based tool kit to
enable cross-community, real-time collaboration.
Still, officials are working on additional VPN connections that will
provide secure bridges between ICSIS and information-sharing networks
managed by the State Department, FBI, Defense Department and state and
local agencies, said John Brantley, direct of the Intelink management
"Take AOL, Yahoo and MSN and link them to a bunch of classified data,
and that's Intelink," said Brantley, calling the intranet the "basis for
how people share information" in the intelligence community. And while
he acknowledged that searching Intelink can be like shooting craps,
Brantley maintains that despite the intranet's size, analysts shoot
craps "with loaded dice."
That point hasn't been lost on the State Department, which is pushing
hard to ensure that valuable intelligence information collected by
foreign service officers overseas is communicated to U.S. analysts as
fast as possible. In fact, Hunter Ledbetter, coordinator for the
Department's Intelligence Resources and Planning division, said the
secret version of Intelink is deployed at 125 of the State Department's
257 posts around the world. Plans call for it to be in all of them by
the end of next year.
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