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[] Markle Foundation zu distributed Intelligence und Data-Mining,

Um Terroristen zu fangen, natürlich. Immerhin haben sie sich ein paar
Gedanken gemacht, wie man den Datenschutz wahren kann:
"In addition, the agency that collects and analyzes domestic
intelligence should not have arrest powers or conduct prosecutions,
Baird said, as a way to preserve civil liberties and privacy rights."
Ob das hilft, wenn das FBI auch an dem System hängt?

Interessanter finde ich da die Vorschläge, keine zentrale Datenbank zu
bauen, sondern die überall verfügbaren Informationen besser zu
vernetzen. Klingt so, als könnten die Hilfe von Google gebrauchen. ;-)


Task force urges distributed intelligence

BY William Matthews 
Oct. 14, 2002

Better information analysis and sharing are essential in the war against
terrorism, but don't build a giant, central database in Washington,
D.C., a panel of intelligence and technology experts advised Homeland
Security chief Tom Ridge last week.

And don't put the FBI in charge of domestic intelligence gathering and
analysis, a task force of the Markle Foundation urged in a 173-page
report delivered to Ridge at the White House.

Instead, create a horizontal, networked information sharing system and
put the Homeland Security Department or a similar agency in charge of
it, said the 35-member Task Force on National Security in the
Information Age.

Local police, airport workers, FBI agents, emergency room personnel and
first responders collect information critical to stopping terrorism.
What's needed is a system that can integrate, analyze and share that
information. So far, the Bush administration has not developed a
coherent national information and intelligence strategy, the panel said.

Of the $38 billion in the 2003 budget for homeland security, only $200
million was earmarked for information integration, according to the task

"We're very strong at collecting information and gathering
intelligence," said Philip Zelikow, executive director of the task
force. "We're not so strong at processing it."

Following last year's terrorist attacks, it became evident that the FBI,
the CIA and other agencies had information about the possible use of
airplanes as weapons, had some of the terrorists on watch lists, had
suspicions about foreign students at U.S. flight schools and had records
of suspicious financial transactions, but they failed to put the
information together or make it available so that it could have been
used to prevent the attacks, Zelikow said.

Law enforcement and security agencies are "not getting the basics right.
On Sept. 11, known terrorists on watch lists bought tickets and boarded
planes using their real names," he said.

"Inexpensive data checks, strategically planned, should have been able
to prevent the [Sept. 11] attacks," the task force wrote in its report
to Ridge. "Yet, then, the government lacked the capabilities to perform
them. Now, more than a year later, the government has still not acquired

Although the Bush administration plans to spend $40 billion on homeland
security in 2003, "almost zero" is budgeted for information integration
and sharing, said Zoë Baird, Markle Foundation president. 

As an example of the improved information sharing it envisions, the task
force recommended a "virtual consolidation" of a dozen or more
government watch lists so that names can be checked simultaneously for
matches. Task force members said the watch lists should not be
physically merged into a single data warehouse.

Nor should other centralized databases be created, according to the task

"America will make a mistake if we create a centralized 'mainframe'
information architecture in Washington, D.C., rather than the networked,
decentralized system that is needed," they wrote. 

"Most of the people, information and action will be out in the field -
in regional or local federal offices, in state, regional and local
governments and in private firms." Information needs to be easily
available to all of them, the members wrote. 

"The federal government must build an operating system that can harness
the distributed power of local, state and federal officials and analysts
across the nation," they wrote.

In addition, the agency that collects and analyzes domestic intelligence
should not have arrest powers or conduct prosecutions, Baird said, as a
way to preserve civil liberties and privacy rights.

The Homeland Security Department - if Congress opts to create it - is a
better choice to oversee information collection and analysis, according
to task force members.


Where the action is

The Bush administration's homeland security strategy should not be
federal-centric, according to the Markle Foundation's Task Force on
National Security in the Information Age. In part, that's because much
of the work will fall to state and local agencies, not federal agencies.

According to the task force:

* There are only 11,500 FBI agents; there are more than 50 times as many
state and local law enforcers.

* There are only a few thousand professionals in the Federal Emergency
Management Agency; there are about 2 million potential emergency
responders in the field.

* To work on domestic intelligence against terrorism, the FBI currently
has only about 100 analysts, even by the FBI's definition of the term.
Meanwhile, there are 40 counterterrorism analysts just in the Los
Angeles Police Department, and the New York Police Department's analytic
effort is larger still.

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