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[infowar.de] APEC-Gipfel in Mexiko: "Cybercrime stärker bekämpfen!"
Es wurde empfohlen, dass die Staaten der Asia Pacific Economic
Cooperation (APEC) der Cybercrime-Konvention des Europarates beitreten.
- USA fordert internationale Kooperation gegen Cybercrime
- Text und aktueller Stand der Ratifizierung der Cybercrime-Konvention
Mexico summit urges anti-piracy action
By Declan McCullagh
Staff Writer, CNET News.com
October 28, 2002, 9:13 AM PT
WASHINGTON--The United States, China, Japan and other Pacific Rim
nations have agreed to take more steps to curb Internet piracy and
cooperate more closely on punishing cybercrime.
At the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation summit, which ended Sunday in
Los Cabos, Mexico, President Bush and other politicians agreed on a set
of anti-terrorism and trade-related measures that included "curtailing
copyright infringement over the Internet" and enforcing intellectual
APEC's 21 member nations, which account for more than 60 percent of the
world's Internet users, also vowed to "enact comprehensive cybersecurity
laws" that follow the example of the Council of Europe's controversial
"We call on APEC officials to continue to cooperate in implementation of
the joint actions outlined above and monitor progress of
implementation," political leaders attending the summit said in a joint
statement. "It is also important that all APEC economies develop the
capacity to participate fully in this endeavor."
Other nations that are members of APEC include Australia, Canada, Hong
Kong, Mexico, Russia, Singapore and Vietnam. APEC members also agreed to
"reduce barriers to market access in telecommunications and information
technology products" and commit "to a long-term moratorium on customs
duties on electronic transmissions."
The United States, which already has extensive copyright and computer
crime laws in place, hopes the summit will compel other nations to
follow its lead.
Unlike nearly any other nation, the United States has passed laws to
discourage piracy: the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) limits
"circumvention" of copy-protection technology, and the No Electronic
Theft Act makes unauthorized peer-to-peer file trading a crime. In July,
the House of Representatives voted to make malicious computer hacking
offenses punishable by imprisonment for life.
In Asia, unauthorized distribution of copyrighted works is widespread. A
report by the Software and Information Industry Association and the
Business Software Alliance estimates that software piracy cost
publishers $2.8 billion in 1999. In August, the Recording Industry
Association of America filed a lawsuit against U.S. Internet providers
to try and compel them to block access to a Chinese music-copying site.
APEC's call for its members to follow the Council of Europe's computer
crime treaty is likely to be controversial. Approved last November by
the council's members and by nonmember participants the United States,
Canada and Japan, the treaty awards police more surveillance powers and
governs extradition and mutual assistance in pursuing suspects. Only
member states Albania and Croatia have ratified the treaty.
Civil liberties groups have urged that the treaty be rejected, alleging
it restricts privacy and free speech rights.
Citing the treaty's requirements, the Canadian government said in August
that it was considering a plan to boost Internet surveillance and create
a national database of every Canadian with an Internet account.
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