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[] Knast wegen "Browser Entführern",

Browser Hijackers Ruining Lives  By Michelle Delio
Story location:,1377,63391,00.html

02:00 AM May. 11, 2004 PT

Browser hijackers are doing more than just changing homepages. They
are also changing some peoples' lives for the worse.

Browser hijackers are malicious programs that change browser settings,
usually altering designated default start and search pages. But some,
such as CWS, also produce pop-up ads for pornography, add dozens of
bookmarks -- some for extremely hard-core pornography websites -- to
Internet Explorer's Favorites folder, and can redirect users to porn
websites when they mistype URLs.

? Ad Script: List=Ad Domains Match=realmediaTraces of browsed sites
can remain on computers, and it's difficult to tell from those traces
whether a user willingly or mistakenly viewed a website. When those
traces connect to borderline-criminal websites, people may have a hard
time believing that their employee or significant other hasn't been
spending an awful lot of time cruising adult sites.

In response to a recent Wired News story about the CWS browser
hijacker, famed for peddling porn, several dozen readers sent e-mails
in which they claimed to have lost or almost lost jobs, relationships
and their good reputations when their computers were found to harbor
traces of pornography that they insist were placed on their computers
by a browser hijacker.

In one case a man claims that a browser hijacker sent him to jail
after compromising images of children were found on his work computer
by an employer, who then reported him to law enforcement authorities.

"The police raided my house on Sept. 17, 2002," said "Jack," who came
to the United States from the former Soviet Union as a political
refugee, and has requested that his name not be published. "Nobody
gave me a chance to explain. I was told by judge and prosecutor that I
will get years in prison if I go to trial. After negotiations through
my lawyer I got 180 days in an adult correctional facility. I was
imprisoned for 20 days and then released under the Electronic Home
Monitoring scheme. I now have a felony sex-criminal record, and the
court ordered me to register as a predatory sex offender for 10

Jack originally believed that the images found on his computer were
from a previous owner -- he'd bought the machine on an eBay auction.
But he now thinks a browser hijacker may have been responsible.

"When I used search engines, sometimes I got a lot of porn pop-ups,"
Jack said. "Sometimes I was sent to illegal porn sites. When I tried
to close one, another five would be opened without my will. They
changed my start page, wrote a lot of illegal porn links in favorites.
The only way to stop this was turn the (computer's) power off. But
when I dialed up to my server again, I started with illegal site, then
got the same pop-ups. There were illegal pictures in pop-ups."

Several of the URLs that CWS injects into Internet Explorer's
favorites list also appear in the arrest warrant and other materials
from Jack's hearing. CWS works as Jack described -- changing start
pages, adding to favorites, popping up porn. But CWS was first spotted
several months after Jack's arrest, so it seems unlikely that this
particular hijacker is the cause of his problems.

Security experts who were asked to review Jack's claims said it is
possible that a browser hijacker could have been the reason porn
images were found on Jack's computer. But they also pointed out some
discrepancies in the story.

Some of the images were found in unallocated file space, and would
have to have been placed there deliberately since cached images from
browsing sessions wouldn't have been stored in unallocated space.

Brian Rothery, a former IBM systems engineer who has been researching
Jack's claims, pointed out that a significant portion of the images
and URLs cited in the arrest papers are from fairly tame nudist sites,
as well as adult sites that do not contain illegal materials.

He said that however the pornography arrived on Jack's computer, "the
evidence wasn't handled properly, and his lawyer did not do his job."

Jack said he opted not to fight the charge because his lawyer told him
he would probably receive a harsher sentence if he went to trial.

"They are very eager to get conviction," Jack said. "Nobody can fight
those powers. I could hardly stay in jail two weeks. The cell is very
small, the food is very bad. They let prisoners out only every other
day for 3 hours. I do not know how people can stay in prison for

If the pornography was placed on Jack's machine by a browser hijacker,
he's suffered far more than most victims of malicious software. Others
who blame browser hijackers for placing porn on their computers have
been luckier.

"I was almost fired after some sort of content-monitoring system that
my ex-employer used on the network found several dozen dirty photos on
my laptop," said Matthew Cortella, a sales representative based in
Illinois. "I had no idea how that stuff got on my machine; I thought
it'd been hacked.

"Eventually, thank God, IT found some program on there that they said
could have caused the problem. But for eight days I was sure I'd be
fired, and I was terrified. I have a family to support. Jobs aren't
easy to come by these days."

"My wife and I separated for a time because she thought I was looking
at porno," said Fred McFarlane, a store owner in Georgia. "We are
religious people. She just couldn't be with me after she saw the
pictures that were in our computer. I don't blame her. Even now, I
know it's real hard for her to understand it was the computer that did
it, not me."

Telling people that "the computer" is downloading pornography on its
own often provokes smirks and disbelief.

"I have to say it's like insisting the dog ate your homework," said
Jeff Bertram, a systems administrator in New York City. "Are you going
to admit that you downloaded porn to your pissed-off spouse or
employer? Or to a judge? Hell no, your honor, it wasn't me. The
browser did it."

Jack said he would like to appeal his conviction, but knows it will be
difficult to convince people that he didn't download the pornography
found on his machine.

"The police found nothing in my house, you know, not even a Playboy
magazine," he said. "Only in the computer. But most people do not
understand that such a thing is possible, that the computer could have
made this happen. Plus, with child pornography, people's reaction is
only emotions and no thinking."

"I advise Internet users to be very, very careful," Jack added.
"Committing a felony is very easy; it just takes one click."

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