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[infowar.de] Bruce Schneier zu den Cyber-Folgen der Anschlaege
---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Sat, 15 Sep 2001 11:41:36 -0500
From: Bruce Schneier <schneier -!
- counterpane -
To: crypto-gram -!
- chaparraltree -
Subject: CRYPTO-GRAM, September 15, 2001
Achtet auf die Details am Ende, mit Links. Alles dabei: Carnivore,
September 15, 2001
by Bruce Schneier
11 September 2001
Both sides of the calendar debate were wrong; the new century began on 11
All day I fielded phone calls from reporters looking for the "computer
security angle" to the story. I couldn't find one, although I expect
several to come out of the aftermath.
Calls for increased security began immediately. Unfortunately, the
quickest and easy way to satisfy those demands is by decreasing
liberties. This is always short sighted; real security solutions exist
that preserve the free society that we all hold dear, but they're harder to
find and require reasoned debate. Strong police forces without
Constitutional limitations might appeal to those wanting immediate safety,
but the reality is the opposite. Laws that limit police power can increase
security, by enforcing honesty, integrity, and fairness. It is our very
liberties that make our society as safe as it is.
In times of crisis it's easy to disregard these liberties or, worse, to
actively attack them and stigmatize those who support them. We've already
seen government proposals for increased wiretapping capabilities and
renewed rhetoric about encryption limitations. I fully expect more
automatic surveillance of ordinary citizens, limits on information flow and
digital-security technologies, and general xenophobia. I do not expect
much debate about their actual effectiveness, or their effects on freedom
and liberty. It's easier just to react. In 1996, TWA Flight 800 exploded
and crashed in the Atlantic. Originally people thought it was a missile
attack. The FBI demanded, and Congress passed, a law giving law
enforcement greater abilities to expel aliens from the country. Eventually
we learned the crash was caused by a mechanical malfunction, but the law
We live in a world where nation states are not the only institutions which
wield power. International bodies, corporations, non-governmental
organizations, pan-national ethnicities, and disparate political groups all
have the ability to affect the world in an unprecedented manner. As we
adjust to this new reality, it is important that we don't become the very
forces we abhor. I consider the terrorist attacks on September 11th to be
an attack against America's ideals. If our freedoms erode because of those
attacks, then the terrorists have won.
The ideals we uphold during a crisis define who we are. Freedom and
liberty have a price, and that price is constant vigilance so it not be
taken from us in the name of security. Ben Franklin said something that
was often repeated during the American Revolutionary War: "They that can
give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve
neither liberty nor safety." It is no less true today.
Senate Amendment 1562, adopted Thursday, will expand Federal wiretapping
Calls to ban encryption:
Re-emergence of Carnivore:
Erosions of civil liberties are coming:
"Americans must rethink how to safeguard the country without bartering away
the rights and privileges of the free society that we are defending. The
temptation will be great in the days ahead to write draconian new laws that
give law enforcement agencies - or even military forces - a right to
undermine the civil liberties that shape the character of the United
States. President Bush and Congress must carefully balance the need for
heightened security with the need to protect the constitutional rights of
- The New York Times, 12 Sep 01
"Our values, our resolve, our commitment, our sense of community will serve
us well. I am confident that, as a nation, we will seek and serve justice.
Our Nation, my neighbors and friends in Vermont demand no less, but we must
not let the terrorists win. If we abandon our democracy to battle them,
they win. If we forget our role as the world's leader to defeat them, they
win. And we will win. We will maintain our democracy, and with justice, we
will use our strength."
- Sen. Patrick Leahy, 12 Sep 01
"History teaches that grave threats to liberty often come in times of
urgency, when constitutional rights seem too extravagant to endure."
- Justice Thurgood Marshall, 1989
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