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[infowar.de] Indien rüstet für Cyberattacken aus Pakistan
Bipin Chandran in New Delhi
January 2, 2002
India is preparing for a war on the web. This time the government is
putting its prestige on the line to prevent hackers from defacing
various government web sites, a routine occurrence when tension
between India and Pakistan escalates.
The National Informatics Centre (NIC) has tightened security at
various government web sites by installing additional security
Not just that. NIC engineers are constantly monitoring the government
networks to find out hackers and check attacks, a senior NIC official
told Business Standard.
NIC is the apex government body that maintains various government web
sites and computer networks.
NIC's plans include providing additional firewall security software to
the government web sites, training intelligence officers to trace
hacking and updating the network administrators of the government web
sites with latest cyber security technologies.
The move comes just after the working group on IT set up by the
government recommended spending Rs 300 crore to improve information
technology security in the country.
The list of Indian sites which have been broken into and hacked by
pro-Pakistani groups in the last two years is impressive and
They range from the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre and the ministry of
external affairs to NIC, VSNL, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic
Research, the Indian Institute of Science and the Department of
The objective of anti-Indian hackers appears to be to plant threats
and anti-India slogans on home pages. There have been instances of
hackers guiding surfers to anti-India websites.
The Indo-Pak cyberwar first started after the Pokhran II tests in May
1998. Soon after India tested the bomb, a group of hackers called
milw0rm broke into the Bhabha Atomic Research Center web site and
posted anti-India and anti-nuclear messages.
During the 1999 Kargil war again, hackers from Pakistan resorted to
defacing web sites in India.
One of the earliest Indian sites to be hacked was
http://www.armyinkashmir.com, established by the Indian government to
provide factual information about daily events in the Kashmir Valley.
The hackers posted photographs showing Indian military forces
allegedly killing Kashmiri militants. The pictures had captions like
"Massacre! Torture! Extrajudicial execution!" and "The agony of
crackdown" and blamed the Indian government for its alleged atrocities
Last year, pro-Pakistan cyber warriors attacked Indian Science
Congress 2000 and the National Informatics Centre. They also invaded
the web site of the Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited and posted anti-India
India should be spanked and their nukes (that is if they have any)
taken away. This message from the Muslim Online Syndicate greeted
surfers when they chanced upon the website of the Department of Atomic
We're GForce Pakistan, up with 260 events of defaces (Indian) and
we're proud Pakistani hackers," was the declaration on the Indian
Institute of Science.
According to attrition.org, a web site that tracks computer
security-related developments on the Internet, attacks on Indian
cyberspace increased from 4 in 1999 to 72 in 2000. These numbers cover
only the attacks carried out on domains ending with '.in'.
This year has been the worst so far. According to India Cracked, a
site that tracks defacements of Indian web sites, over 150 Indian
sites have already been hacked into in the first six months. Most of
these break-ins had a strong pro-Pakistan flavour.
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