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[infowar.de] Terroristen nutzen Netz für Informationen über Attacken
... weniger für Angriffe selber. Das ist doch mal eine Meldung wert!
Government Computer News
Professors hash out emergency response, cyberterrorism strategies
By Patricia Daukantas,
Although the potential for cyberterrorism continues to grow, terrorist
groups now use the Internet more to distribute information about attacks
rather than to carry them out, Georgetown University information
security expert Dorothy E. Denning told a crisis management group
?As of right now, all the news is bad news? about cyberterrorism, said
Denning, director of the Georgetown Institute for Information Assurance.
She spoke at a meeting of the Multi-Sector Crisis Management Consortium,
an organization of agencies and private-sector companies studying
emergency response technologies and techniques.
Terrorists use the Internet to send e-mail and book airline tickets, and
many groups have Web sites, Denning said. Some groups reportedly use
steganography, a method of hiding secret messages in other messages or
image files, she said.
The threat of cyberterrorism is growing. MessageLabs Inc. of
Minneapolis, a managed services provider, predicts that half of all
e-mails will be infected by a virus by the year 2013.
Two years ago, the Naval Postgraduate School studied the potential for
terrorist organizations to pursue cyberterrorism, defined in the study
as unlawful destruction or disruption of digital property to intimidate
or coerce people. The 1999 study concluded that barriers exist to thwart
anything beyond annoyance hacks, and that religious extremists were most
likely to pursue sophisticated tools for coordinated attacks to cause
mass disruption, Denning said.
Attackers are developing so-called flash worms that could infect all
vulnerable hosts on a network in as little as 30 seconds, Denning said.
Cyberprotests often accompany regional and global conflicts, she said.
Over the Internet, it?s relatively easy to assemble a large group of
anonymous sympathizers willing to participate in denial-of-service
attacks and Web defacements.
Denning showed many screenshots of Web defacements carried out by
supporters and opponents of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks. Such
defacements are attractive to hackers because of their potentially wide
visibility and low risk of arrest or physical harm, she said.
Also at the meeting, the head of a University of Maryland team
demonstrated a trial run of an off-the-shelf incident-response kit that
the group assembled in five weeks.
Ashok K. Agrawala, a University of Maryland computer science professor
who heads the school?s Maryland Information and Network Dynamics (MIND)
Lab, said that creating the crisis-response kit called Draco was
prompted by a tornado that hit the university Sept. 24 as well as the
events of Sept. 11.
Draco contains Compaq iPaq handheld PCs equipped with wireless cards
conforming to the IEEE 802.11b standard, as well as a pen computer from
Fujitsu Labs of America Inc. of Sunnyvale, Calif.
The handhelds and pen PCs connect to a wireless access point from
Linksys Group Inc. of Irvine, Calif. The entire group connects to the
Internet through a 155-Mbps Optical Wireless Link from LumenLink Corp.
of Rockville, Md.
Agrawala and his students developed Rover, software that lets users of
the handhelds tap a spot on a map to find out where their colleagues are
and to communicate with them.
The equipment, including commercially available batteries and solar
panels, fits into a plastic carrying bin. The lab?s goal was to make the
system deployable in 30 minutes or less, but Agrawala said it took less
than 10 minutes to set up in an on-campus test.
Although team members were pleased with the Nov. 29 test results,
Agrawala said there are still many development problems, such as
improving the localization accuracy to within one foot, integrating
multiple types of sensors, and improving the human-computer interface.
Denning and Agrawala spoke at the Alliance Center for Collaboration,
Education, Science and Software in Arlington, Va., but about a dozen
audience members participated through the National Computational Science
Alliance?s high-speed grid from remote locations that included the
universities of Illinois and Maine and NASA?s Stennis Space Center in
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