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[infowar.de] Heritage Foundation: KRITIS-Schutz und Bürgerrechte sind vereinbar
Den vollständigen Bericht gibt es hier:
January 8, 2002
Report: significant changes in anti-terrorism plans necessary
By Liza Porteus, National Journal's Technology Daily
Significant changes need to be made within federal, state and local
governments to counter terrorism and to protect the nation's critical
infrastructure, according to a study publicly released on Tuesday and
sent to the White House a day earlier.
The report of the Heritage Foundation's Homeland Security Task Force
offers 25 recommendations on how to take a more proactive approach to
protecting the nation's computer networks and improving
intelligence-gathering, information systems and surveillance systems.
Comprised of experts from all levels of government, including several
governors, and industry, the task force also stressed that civil
liberties can be upheld while increasing anti-terrorism efforts.
"We believe it's possible to achieve a balance between security and
liberty," Heritage Vice President Kim Holmes said during a news
Congress should remove roadblocks impeding closer communication with
industry, the report said. It also urged lawmakers to support measures
such as S. 1456, which would exempt companies from certain provisions of
the Freedom of Information Act if they freely share with the government
information about their system vulnerabilities.
"Everyone needs to be involved in protecting the homeland," said Paul
Bremer, former counterterrorism ambassador during the Reagan
administration. "The private sector's role cannot be stressed enough."
The President also should appoint liaisons to develop security standards
for various industry sectors, the report said, and agencies should
create risk-assessment programs for the private sector. The report also
suggests that Congress remove tax penalties that make it difficult for
industry to invest in security.
Heritage also recommends a new presidential directive to require annual
assessments of agency efforts on homeland security, and it cited
deficiencies in the Clinton administration's Presidential Directive 63,
which sought to fortify the nation's networks against cyber attacks.
The report calls President Bush's appointment of Richard Clarke as the
nation's cyber-security chief and the creation of several critical
infrastructure boards as a "good first step" but seeks further action.
The report also recommends designating the Global Positioning System as
critical infrastructure because it enables telecommunications and other
systems to operate. The federal government also should consider
alternatives to the proposed GovNet intranet system, the groups said,
noting that many experts, including former National Security Adviser
Samuel (Sandy) Berger, argue that GovNet would improve security only
"The President should direct [the General Services Administration] to
consult with industry about achieving the same or greater level of
security through the use of intranets that rely on the Internet," the
On intelligence and law enforcement, the task force recommends that the
White House Office of Homeland Security be required to direct the
assessment of threats to critical assets nationwide and that it
establish a national group to coordinate intelligence-gathering.
The report also recommends: the creation of a federal-level database
accessible to border-security officials to track visa holders; the
establishment of a nationwide surveillance network encompassing local,
state and federal officials to help respond to chemical, biological or
nuclear attacks; and anti-terrorism exercises by states considered most
at risk of attack.
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