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[] Nuclear Posture Review geoutet,

William Arkin ist offenbar ein Exemplar des klassifizierten Nuclear 
Posture Review (NPR) zugespielt worden. Er enth=E4lt Leitlinien f=FCr 
die amerikanische Nuklearstrategie. Die Los Angeles Times hat 
dazu einen redaktionellen Beitrag und einen Beitrag Arkins, in dem 
er wichtige Fakten aus dem NPR darlegt, gebracht.

In den n=E4chsten Tagen ist eine Diskussion zur amerikanischen 
Nuklearpolitik zu erwarten. Der Spiegel ist bereits mit einem kurzen 
Beitrag eingestiegen:,1518,druck-186359,00.html

In Arkins Beitrag geht es zum Schluss auch um 

Secret Plan Outlines the Unthinkable

A secret policy review of the nation=92s nuclear policy puts forth 
chilling new contingencies for nuclear war.


Los Angeles Times, March 10 2002


The Bush administration, in a secret policy review completed early 
this year, has ordered the Pentagon to draft contingency plans for 
the use of nuclear weapons against at least seven countries, naming 
not only Russia and the "axis of evil"--Iraq, Iran, and North Korea--
but also China, Libya and Syria.

But the NPR's call for development of new nuclear weapons that 
reduce "collateral damage" myopically ignores the political, moral 
and military implications--short-term and long--of crossing the 
nuclear threshold.

In addition, the U.S. Defense Department has been told to prepare 
for the possibility that nuclear weapons may be required in some 
future Arab-Israeli crisis. And, it is to develop plans for using nuclear 
weapons to retaliate against chemical or biological attacks, as well 
as "surprising military developments" of an unspecified nature.

Under what circumstances might nuclear weapons be used under 
the new posture? The NPR says they "could be employed against 
targets able to withstand nonnuclear attack," or in retaliation for the 
use of nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons, or "in the event of 
surprising military developments."

Planning nuclear-strike capabilities, it says, involves the recognition 
of "immediate, potential or unexpected" contingencies. North Korea, 
Iraq, Iran, Syria and Libya are named as "countries that could be 
involved" in all three kinds of threat. "All have long-standing hostility 
towards the United States  and its security partners. All sponsor or 
harbor terrorists, and have active WMD [weapons of mass 
destruction] and missile programs."

It also proposes to train U.S. Special Forces operators to play the 
same intelligence gathering and targeting roles for nuclear weapons 
that they now play for conventional weapons strikes in Afghanistan. 
And cyber-warfare and other nonnuclear military capabilities would 
be integrated into nuclear-strike forces to make them more all-

Given the advances in electronics and information technologies in 
the past decade, it is not surprising that the NPR also stresses 
improved satellites and intelligence, communications, and more 
robust high-bandwidth decision-making systems.

Particularly noticeable is the directive to improve U.S. capabilities in 
the field of "information operations," or cyber-warfare. The 
intelligence community "lacks adequate data on most adversary 
computer local area networks and other command and control 
systems," the review observes. It calls for improvements in the 
ability to "exploit" enemy computer networks, and the integration of 
cyber-warfare into the overall nuclear war database "to enable more 
effective targeting, weaponeering, and combat assessment essential 
to the New Triad."

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