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[infowar.de] Nuclear Posture Review geoutet
William Arkin ist offenbar ein Exemplar des klassifizierten Nuclear
Posture Review (NPR) zugespielt worden. Er enth=E4lt Leitlinien f=FCr
die amerikanische Nuklearstrategie. Die Los Angeles Times hat
dazu einen redaktionellen Beitrag und einen Beitrag Arkins, in dem
er wichtige Fakten aus dem NPR darlegt, gebracht.
In den n=E4chsten Tagen ist eine Diskussion zur amerikanischen
Nuklearpolitik zu erwarten. Der Spiegel ist bereits mit einem kurzen
In Arkins Beitrag geht es zum Schluss auch um
Secret Plan Outlines the Unthinkable
A secret policy review of the nation=92s nuclear policy puts forth
chilling new contingencies for nuclear war.
By WILLIAM M. ARKIN
Los Angeles Times, March 10 2002
The Bush administration, in a secret policy review completed early
this year, has ordered the Pentagon to draft contingency plans for
the use of nuclear weapons against at least seven countries, naming
not only Russia and the "axis of evil"--Iraq, Iran, and North Korea--
but also China, Libya and Syria.
But the NPR's call for development of new nuclear weapons that
reduce "collateral damage" myopically ignores the political, moral
and military implications--short-term and long--of crossing the
In addition, the U.S. Defense Department has been told to prepare
for the possibility that nuclear weapons may be required in some
future Arab-Israeli crisis. And, it is to develop plans for using nuclear
weapons to retaliate against chemical or biological attacks, as well
as "surprising military developments" of an unspecified nature.
Under what circumstances might nuclear weapons be used under
the new posture? The NPR says they "could be employed against
targets able to withstand nonnuclear attack," or in retaliation for the
use of nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons, or "in the event of
surprising military developments."
Planning nuclear-strike capabilities, it says, involves the recognition
of "immediate, potential or unexpected" contingencies. North Korea,
Iraq, Iran, Syria and Libya are named as "countries that could be
involved" in all three kinds of threat. "All have long-standing hostility
towards the United States and its security partners. All sponsor or
harbor terrorists, and have active WMD [weapons of mass
destruction] and missile programs."
It also proposes to train U.S. Special Forces operators to play the
same intelligence gathering and targeting roles for nuclear weapons
that they now play for conventional weapons strikes in Afghanistan.
And cyber-warfare and other nonnuclear military capabilities would
be integrated into nuclear-strike forces to make them more all-
Given the advances in electronics and information technologies in
the past decade, it is not surprising that the NPR also stresses
improved satellites and intelligence, communications, and more
robust high-bandwidth decision-making systems.
Particularly noticeable is the directive to improve U.S. capabilities in
the field of "information operations," or cyber-warfare. The
intelligence community "lacks adequate data on most adversary
computer local area networks and other command and control
systems," the review observes. It calls for improvements in the
ability to "exploit" enemy computer networks, and the integration of
cyber-warfare into the overall nuclear war database "to enable more
effective targeting, weaponeering, and combat assessment essential
to the New Triad."
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