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[] Boeing Battle Management System,

Ein Bericht der L.A. Times =FCber Boeing's Battle Management 
System (mit Hinweis auf ein Promo-Video).

Ushering In the Warfare Information Age

Combat: A Boeing unit is building a system to provide exhaustive 
data any time, anywhere


March 16 2002

Behind triple security doors in an obscure industrial complex, Boeing 
Co. engineers at the firm's little-known but pioneering Anaheim unit 
are quietly working on a system that could alter the future of warfare.

Resembling a war room that seems modeled after a "Star Wars" 
movie, a 10-foot-high screen displays a satellite image of a region, 
with moving squares and triangles identifying fighter jets, bombers 
and spy planes. A second screen shows detailed infrared images of 
a building targeted for possible attack. A third provides a live feed 
from a foot soldier wearing a small video camera on his helmet.

The images were part of a mock military operation in an unidentified 
Middle Eastern region but provided a rare glimpse at what Boeing 
officials believe represents the methods of war for the 21st century. 
What the Pentagon has in mind over the next decade represents a 
huge leap over even the seemingly sophisticated battle-
management system it has used in the Afghan conflict. Under the 
concept known as integrated battle space, U.S. military leaders will 
have unprecedented access to information from anyplace around 
the globe, tracking ships, planes, vehicles and individual soldiers 
from a command and control center that could be thousands of 
miles away. In essence, it would bring together disparate systems so 
they can talk to one another and provide a common picture of the 

Soldiers would carry hand-held computers linked to satellites that 
would provide not only their own precise location but also where the 
enemy might be. The command center also could transmit detailed 
maps and images of enemy compounds to soldiers anywhere in the 
world. Instead of radio commands, marching orders may come via 

"It represents a fundamental reversal of the way wars have been 
fought for the past 2 1/2 centuries," said John Pike, director of, a Web-based think tank in Virginia.

"Ten years ago, Norman Schwarzkopf had to pack up a small town 
and move it to Saudi Arabia to fight the Gulf War. You won't have to 
do that anymore. It'll be a lot like telecommuting."

Many Accomplishments

And again, engineers in Anaheim are leading the way. A former 
Rockwell International Corp. operation that Boeing acquired in 1996, 
the unit has been a major technology center for decades, developing 
defense and aerospace systems that have reshaped aerospace 

The guidance and control system for the Minuteman intercontinental 
ballistic missile was developed in Anaheim, altering the course of 
the Cold War. The division also developed major components of the 
Apollo space program that put the first man on the moon. It did 
much of the pioneering work on night vision during the 1970s.

Now, it is the development center for the nation's multibillion-dollar 
missile defense program and is competing to reshape and 
modernize the Coast Guard.

Last week, the unit won one of its biggest trophies, a contract to 
develop combat systems for the Army that has a potential value of 
at least $4 billion over the next five years. As the lead system 
integrator, a Boeing team will draw up plans for a system of new 
weapons and technologies that the Army hopes will turn it into a 
lighter, faster and more lethal force.

The Army contract was a huge win because it validated a risky push 
by Boeing officials to focus its resources and engineering talent on a 
business that seemed more like a pie in the sky than a potential 
revenue-generating operation.

At a time when most defense contractors were focusing on 
developing next-generation weapons, Boeing two years ago began 
looking at producing a system of systems that would integrate 
disparate weapons and technologies to provide a coherent strategy 
for fighting a war. A major byproduct of the move was the creation of 
the Battlefield Integration Center, a $16-million, 11,000-square-foot 
compound in Anaheim where much of the integrated battle space is 
getting developed and tested.

The timing could not have been better. Since the Sept. 11 terrorist 
attacks and the subsequent military action in Afghanistan, scores of 
Pentagon officials have visited the Anaheim facility. Army officials 
cited Boeing's work on integrated battle space as one of the reasons 
for the company winning the contract against Lockheed Martin Corp. 
and General Dynamics Corp. Unlike the competitors, Boeing has 
had few Army contracts.

Quest for Battle Data

Military strategists have been after the Holy Grail of battlefield 
intelligence--the ability to constantly monitor all military activities--f=
decades in hopes of lifting the so-called fog of war, but with the 
recent convergence of advanced communication equipment, highly 
sensitive intelligence-gathering sensors and powerful computer 
chips, the dream is becoming a reality.

"Battles have been won or lost on incomplete information," said 
Loren Thompson, a longtime Pentagon consultant and lecturer of 
defense policy at Georgetown University. "This is one of the ways 
superior information is going to dictate victory."

Some elements of the integrated battle space already are taking 
shape, particularly with military operations in Afghanistan. For the 
first time, the commander of U.S. forces fighting overseas is running 
the operation from within the U.S. at the headquarters of the Central 
Command in Tampa, Fla.

Some military leaders have said Army Gen. Tommy R. Frank should 
be closer to action. Frank has defended the decision, saying he is 
getting all the information he needs, thanks to the advances in high-
speed communications and information technology. The distant 
command center may represent the emergence of a new way of 
fighting, he said.

"We can view and we can access any battle space," Air Force Chief 
of Staff Gen. John P. Jumper said at a recent defense conference. 
"When air and space combine together in the right ways . . . we can 
find, fix, track, target, engage and assess anything of significance on 
the face of Earth."

But Jumper added, "Right now, I would argue, these are capabilities 
that exists in bits and pieces. It is our job to pull it all together, to =
able to think in terms of integration."

One vivid example was displayed last fall when, for the first time, 
the White House was able to watch a live video feed of an attack on 
Taliban forces in Afghanistan transmitted by a flying spy drone. The 
video transmission was relayed by satellite to the Florida command 
center, which then sent it on to Washington.

In another mission, an Army special operations soldier was able to 
call in an airstrike, communicating directly with an Air Force bomber. 
Previously, the Army would have had to request a strike through 
central command, which then would relay the information to Air 
Force command to carry out a strike, wasting invaluable time.

Many of the top defense contractors are scrambling to tap the 
growing market for integrated battle space, and all of the armed 
services are developing their own concepts for the technology, also 
known as network centric warfare, but Boeing engineers hope to 
field a system of systems that can be used and seen across all the 

So far, Lockheed Martin Corp. has been a key player in creating 
such a system for the Navy, while Raytheon Corp. has been looking 
to fuse many of its weapons and systems for the Air Force. 
Meanwhile, Northrop Grumman Corp. is making a hostile bid for 
TRW Inc. so that it can tap the company's space and defense-
electronics expertise and have the businesses it needs to field its 
own version of an integrated battle space.

Defense analysts said winning the Army contract was a major boost 
to Boeing's effort in what many believe is the growth business of the 

Boeing officials said they began talking about bringing together 
various businesses that the aerospace firm operates to provide the 
integrated battle space concept in 2000. The company made it a 
major business initiative as Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld 
began pushing for bringing the military into the digital age.

"We've had some of Rumsfeld's people in here and this has been 
music to their ears," said Roger Roberts, vice president of Boeing 
Integrated Defense Systems. "We believe the vision for [an 
integrated battle space] can be realized within the decade."

The work could be lucrative. Boeing believes that putting together 
various elements of the integrated battle space, including work in 
unmanned aerial reconnaissance aircraft and equipping an older 
generation of Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) 
aircraft, already represents a market of perhaps $7 billion to $8 
billion a year. That could grow to more than $20 billion in the next 
decade, Boeing officials said.

"We believe this will be a major growth area for us," said James F. 
Albaugh, president of Boeing's Space and Communications unit. He 
noted that one key reason for acquiring the satellite-making business 
of Hughes Electronics for $3.8 billion last year was to tap its 
expertise in space-based communications, which will be integral to 
developing the requirements for an integrated battle space.

Immediately, part of the effort could include equipping airborne 
tankers--a constellation of which is constantly in the air to refuel 
fighters and bombers--with antennae and electronic equipment that 
allow the aircraft to relay data and communications from the 
battlefield to far-flung command and control centers.

"The technology is already here," said Ret. Lt. Gen. Carl O'Berry, a 
former deputy chief for command, control, communications and 
computers for the Air Force and now head of Boeing's strategic 
architecture unit. "We just need to integrate it."

A Boeing video demonstrating the military technology can be seen 

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