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[infowar.de] QDR 2001 erschienen
der Quadrennial Defense Review der USA ist heute erschienen.
Infowar-relevante Teile habe ich unten eingefügt. Bestes Zitat:
"The ability to conduct information operations has become a core
competency for the Department." (S. 43)
Ansonsten ist nicht viel überraschendes drin - na, lest halt selber,
wenn ich die Teile hier schon so mundgerech präsentiere. ;-)
zu den nationalen Interessen:
"The development of the defense posture should take into account the
following - enduring national interests:
Ensuring U.S. security and freedom of action, including:
- U.S. sovereignty, territorial integrity, and freedom
- Safety of U.S. citizens at home and abroad
- Protection of critical U.S. infrastructure
"Key Military-Technical Trends. Technology in the military sphere is
developing as rapidly as the tremendous changes reshaping the civilian
sector. The combination of scientific advancement and globalization of
commerce and communications have contributed to several trends that
significantly affect U.S. defense strategy.
Rapid advancement of military technologies. The ongoing revolution in
military affairs could change the conduct of military operations.
Technologies for sensors, information processing, precision guidance,
and many other areas are rapidly advancing. This poses the danger that
states hostile to the United States could significantly enhance their
capabilities by integrating widely available off-the-shelf technologies
their weapon systems and armed forces. For the United States, the
revolution in military affairs holds the potential to confer enormous
advantages and to extend the current period of U.S. military
Exploiting the revolution in military affairs requires not only
innovation but also development of operational concepts, undertaking
organizational adaptations, and training and experimentation to
transform a country's military forces."
"Emergence of new arenas of military competition.
Technological advances create the potential that competitions will
develop in space and cyber space. Space and information operations have
become the backbone of
networked, highly distributed commercial civilian and military
capabilities. This opens up the possibility that space control - the
exploitation of space and the denial of the use of space to adversaries
become a key objective in future military competition. Similarly, states
will likely develop offensive information operations and be compelled to
devote resources to protecting critical information infrastructure from
disruption, either physically or through cyber space."
"[Deterrence] requires enhancing the future capability of
forward deployed and stationed forces, coupled with global intelligence,
strike, and information assets, in order to deter aggression or coercion
with only modest reinforcement from outside the theater. Improving
intelligence capabilities is particularly important, as these assets
U.S. forces with critical information on adversaries' intentions, plans,
strengths, and weaknesses."
zu den strategischen Lehren
Some of these risks are familiar, such as the possibility of a major
risks - such as the possibilities of mass casualty terrorism, cyber
CBRNE warfare - are less well understood. Through the QDR, the
Department has developed a new defense strategy and an associated risk
management framework, and is in the process of building new performance
measures, both to better manage the risks the United States faces and to
meet the defense policy goals."
zu Homeland Defense
"DoD will review the establishment of a new unified combatant commander
to help address complex inter-agency issues and provide a single
military commander to
focus military support."
zu den operationellen Zielen:
"Six critical operational goals provide the focus for DoD's
- Assuring information systems in the face of attack and conducting
effective information operations;
- Denying enemies sanctuary by providing persistent surveillance,
tracking, and rapid engagement (...)
- Enhancing the capability and survivability of space systems and
supporting infrastructure; and
- Leveraging information technology and innovative concepts to develop
an interoperable, joint C4ISR architecture and capability that includes
a tailorable joint operational picture.
Protecting the American homeland from attack is the foremost
of the U.S. Armed Forces and a primary mission for the Reserve
Future adversaries will most certainly have a range of new means with
to threaten the United States. It is possible to identify confidently
these means, including new techniques of terror; ballistic and cruise
missiles; weapons of mass destruction, including advanced biological
weapons; and weapons of mass disruption, such as information warfare
attacks on critical information infrastructure. Others, like those used
attack the United States on September 11, 2001, may be a surprise.
(S. 30 - man beachte die Bezeichnung von Information Warfare gegen
kritische Infrastrukturen als Massenvernichtungswaffen!)
"Finally, new information and communications technologies hold promise
for networking highly distributed joint and combined forces and for
ensuring that such forces have better situational awareness - both about
friendly forces as well as those of adversaries - than in the past.
Information technology holds vast potential for maximizing the
effectiveness of American men and women in uniform."
zu "Joint and Combined Command and Control":
The joint command and control system - both the information that flows
through the network and the equipment upon which it resides - must be
secure and protected
from an adversary's information operations or other attacks.
U.S. forces require the ability to communicate not only with one
but also with other government agencies and allies and friends. Such
and combined interoperability requires forces that can immediately
into the joint battlefield operating systems (command and control,
intelligence, fire support, logistics, etc.) and perform effectively.
forces need compatible systems with interoperable standards, doctrine,
tactics, techniques, and procedures.
To support joint and combined command and control and to enable a
common relevant operational picture of the battlespace, the Department
will enhance end-to-end interoperable communications for secure
planning and operations. These communications will provide shared
situational awareness and integration of joint fires, maneuver, and
intelligence. They must be interoperable across all components and
tailorable for coalition operations with other countries. The capability
provided by this network and its applications will enable rapid response
forces to plan and execute faster than the enemy and to seize tactical
"In particular, the Department will treat information operations,
intelligence, and space assets not simply as enablers of current U.S.
forces but rather as core
capabilities of future forces."
Emerging Technologies. The Department will vigorously pursue the
development and exploitation of technologies that can significantly
increase U.S. advantage in intelligence collection, analysis, and
Some of the most promising include:
n Low-observable technologies that may be applied to collection
- Nanotechnology that may result in miniature, mobile,
autonomous sensors that could penetrate the secure and remote
facilities of an adversary;
- Advanced parallel processing and quantum computing to
provide real-time processes, decryption, translation, and
transcription of communications;
- Biometrics for tracking adversaries and providing secure
authentication of individuals seeking network or facility access;
- Commercial imagery for remote sensing of the earth.
Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR)
DoD is pursuing investment strategies and migration plans for an
integrated, cost-effective mix of unmanned aerial vehicles, manned
platforms, spaceborne, maritime, and terrestrial systems responsive to
future collection needs and challenges. Efforts are underway to
the procurement of additional Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) platforms
and sensors. Enhanced Space-based Radar (SBR) systems are also required
to provide global, long-range ground moving target indicator capability
augment existing airborne capabilities. Commercial systems, especially
satellite imagery, are being integrated into U.S. ISR capabilities.
Sensors. A wide range of imagery intelligence (IMINT), signals
intelligence (SIGINT), and measurement and signature intelligence
(MASINT) sensors are needed to respond to current and future
requirements. Satellite IMINT sensors need to provide long-dwell
capabilities. SIGINT payloads are needed for UAVs as well as for
specialized shipboard collection sensors to capture modernized radio
frequency signals from state and non-state threats. Extensive airborne
SIGINT modernization efforts are needed to provide low- and high-band
collection capabilities that elude currently deployed systems. MASINT's
multi-disciplinary scope offers great potential. MASINT sensor
development and deployment - particularly for such purposes as sampling
for agents and collection against hard and deeply buried targets - is
to maintaining U.S. military advantages."
zur Zielauswahl und Info-Verteilung:
"Tasking, Processing, Exploitation, and Dissemination (TPED)
Future military operations will require TPED approaches that integrate
collection disciplines, including IMINT, SIGINT, MASINT, HUMINT, and
open sources. Integrated TPED must accommodate new types of multi-
media, multi-spectral, and multi-source information, including
commercial imagery. A capability to incorporate real-time video,
information acquired from non-intelligence sources - such as advanced
aircraft radar or commercial satellite imagery - and efficiently exploit
dwell and stare systems is essential to meet future military
As target sets become more diverse and collection sources more varied,
tying this scarce and disparate information together requires trained
analytical judgment. Investments need to focus on building a workforce
with the required skills, and with the analytical tools and databases
needed to improve support to planning."
"Assure information systems in the face of attack and conduct
effective information operations.
Information operations provide the means to rapidly collect,
process, disseminate, and protect information while denying
these capabilities to adversaries. Such operations provide the
capability to influence perceptions, perform computer
network defense and attack missions, conduct electronic
warfare, and carry out other protective actions. Information
operations represent a critical capability enhancement for
transformed U.S. forces.
The QDR highlights both the imperative for the United States to
maintain an unsurpassed capability to conduct information
operations, as well as the need to strengthen U.S. capabilities in
these areas. DoD must also develop an integrated approach to
developing information system requirements, acquiring
systems, and programming for the force of tomorrow. The
ability to conduct information operations has become a core
competency for the Department."
"Special Operations Forces will need the ability to conduct
covert deep insertions over great distances and will need
enhanced C4ISR capabilities to remain in contact with their
commanders and to ensure access to real-time intelligence in a
number of forms."
"Leverage information technology and innovative concepts to
develop interoperable Joint C4ISR.
Information technology will provide a key foundation for the
effort to transform U.S. armed forces for the 21st century. The
recent U.S. experience in Kosovo underscored the need for
high-capacity, interoperable communications systems that can
rapidly transmit information over secure, jam-resistant datalinks
to support joint forces. In the near future, the United States
must also develop alternatives capable of overcoming current
and projected bandwidth constraints. The Department must
stay abreast of the new communications landscape and leverage
it to maximize U.S. advantages in this area.
Future operations will not only be joint, but also include Reserve
Components, civilian specialists, and other federal agencies and
state organizations. Most likely they will involve a coalition effort
with other countries. The effectiveness of these operations will
depend upon the ability of DoD to share information and
collaborate externally as well as internally. Interoperability,
which enables joint and combined operations, is a key element in
all DoD operational and systems architectures. It must include
the ability to overcome language and cultural barriers.
Experience shows that fixing systems after the fact to achieve
interoperability is typically costly and often fails to satisfy mission
requirements and creates security problems. The better
approach is to incorporate interoperability at the outset in
designing new systems. However, the Department will continue
its efforts, where cost effective, to bring its legacy systems up to
Based on QDR deliberations, funding will be focused on
achieving end-to-end Command, Control, Communication,
Computer, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance
(C4ISR) capabilities. An integrated joint and combined C4ISR
capability is necessary to ensure that accurate and relevant
information can be gathered swiftly from various sources and
then securely transmitted to forces and their commanders.
Improving communications must be a priority for U.S.
conventional, special operations, and strategic forces.
Information technology offers U.S. forces the potential of
conducting joint operations more effectively, with smaller
forces and fewer weapon systems.
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